Breast augmentation and reduction surgery

BREAST AUGMENTATION

What is breast augmentation surgery?

Breasts are the structures that complement the physical appearance of the woman’s body. The size of the breast is important in the measurements of shoulder width, chest circumference, waist and hip circumference. In these measurements, when the breast volume is small, the appearance of the body contour remains incomplete. Breasts may be small for structural reasons .One can be smaller, asymmetrical than the other. There may not be one at all . Silicone implants are the most effective method for equalizing or increasing the volume of both breasts. Breast augmentation surgery has been tried with the person’s own tissues, but has given limited results. For example, the fat tissue from the person can be partially enlarged breasts. However, fat filling is not a completely permanent method. The main ingredient in breast implants is the silicone on the outside surface of the implant. The filling material in it may be different. Each prosthesis has its own advantages and disadvantages .They should be discussed in detail before the surgery and decide which one to use.

What is silicone breast implants?

Silicone-containing products are used in cosmetics industry and medicine for other purposes. Breast implants are similar to balloon-shaped structures. There are round and anatomically called drop-shaped ones. One of them is selected according to the condition of the woman’s breast .The balloon section is made of silicone; the surface of the prosthesis is produced in a smooth manner to fit the tissues in the body. There may be a difference in substances filling the balloon. Breast implants used today can be called::

The outer surface of the silicone balloon is also silicon gel. They are manufactured in various sizes ready for use. In the USA, FDA (Food and Drug Administration ) received FDA approval again in November 2006.

The silicone balloon is empty. Gel-filled (gel-filled) : filled with saline (saline-filIed) : during surgery with saline until the desired volume is obtained among the people known as salt water is filled. It has been reported that the ones that are ready for use have been manufactured recently .

PvP : in the same way, the silicone balloon is filled with chemicals called PvP (polyvinyl pyrrolidone povidon). Gel consistency and ready to use . It has been reported that it was withdrawn from the market by the manufacturer.

Soybean oil : silicone bubble filled with soybean oil, ready to use prostheses. The usage area is new. There is not much information about the remote results.

What you need to know before surgery

If the patient is over 40 years old, mammography and ultrasonography are performed before surgery, if necessary. Each operation has general or specific risks. Swelling and pain in the breast area after surgery. Bleeding and infection due to surgery are rare. Some patients complain of increased or decreased sensitivity to the nipple or numbness around the incision after surgery. This is usually temporary.Some connective tissue diseases developed in the body against a foreign body prosthesis (connective tissue disease), difficult to give milk to the baby, the prosthesis is claimed to cause cancer. However, none of this has been scientifically proven . Breast enlargement surgery, breast augmentation can be achieved with a foreign matter for the body, the prosthesis may have problems. There may be hardening and narrowing around the prosthesis due to the development of a membrane called Capsule. If you have a family history of breast cancer, your risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. In rare cases, the body may not accept this foreign substance, forming a thick membrane around the prosthesis (capsule), squeezing it and sometimes trying to throw it out of the body. In the case of thick capsule formation, hardness and sometimes asymmetry can be seen in the breasts. In the case of mild and moderate capsular contracture, external massage and additional surgeries may be performed to remove the capsule around the prosthesis .The outer surface of the silicone prostheses is very thin, but it is very resistant to external impacts. Normal and medium-grade massages do not harm. 2 months after surgery, the person can lie face sheep. Sometimes , the contents of the prosthesis can be seen leaking out of the balloon. If Tidal prostheses are used, these materials leaking into the tissue ranges can cause mass formation. It is not yet known how soybean oil affects. If the serum filled prosthesis is used, the serum filled into the prosthesis may leak out of the physiological prosthesis and into the tissue ranges, so that the leaking serum can be absorbed rapidly by the tissues without causing any harm to the body. In fact, this substance can be given intravenously and used for other therapeutic purposes, there is no harm .Prosthesis rupture is a rare condition, such as in-car traffic accidents, compression, falling from high and puncture tool injuries can occur with. Mammography and surgical examination to be done later in the prosthetic is not a problem. Prosthesis is seen as a cavity in mammography. Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. If you have a family history of breast cancer, your risk of developing breast cancer increases with age.Before you decide to have breast augmentation surgery , you should tell your doctor about your discomfort and your expectations,what type of prosthesis to choose,what incision the implant will be placed, the type of anesthesia, and the early and late results of the surgery.

Surgery

Surgery is performed in the operating room under general anesthesia and hospital conditions.It’il take a couple of hours. A 4-5 cm mark is opened for the implant to be placed. This permission placement can be one of the following:

Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast.)

The lower part of the breast (circular))

Armpit (alsiller).

Recently, prosthesis can be placed endoscopically by entering the navel. However, this method has not been widely accepted yet. No matter where the entrance is, there will be a trail. These are signs that have become apparent and uncertain over time. The implant can be placed behind the breast tissue or behind the chest muscle (pectoral muscle) according to the patient’s breast structure. There are many different types of surgery.

Postoperative
After surgery, it usually goes away comfortably. Pain is minimal. If the prosthesis is placed behind the chest muscle, there may be limited arm movements for several days. After surgery, gauze or bandages are applied to the breast. If there are sutures that do not melt 10-12. the day can be taken. There is no need for seams to Melt. There may be swelling in the early stages , numbness in the nipple and purple discoloration on the skin. These disappear spontaneously in a short time. The patient can return to work within 3-4 days. After 3 weeks, the implant is placed and the breast functions normally. The patient is advised to stay away from heavy sports for 2 months (requiring jumping-running). Breast augmentation surgery is a surgical procedure that corrects the person’s mental health and psychosocial structure, making them more likely to live.

Today, the most common silicone gel filled, overturned (textured) round prostheses are used. The choice and placement of prosthesis may vary depending on the patient, the breast condition and the surgeon’s preference.

Breast Reduction Surgery
What is breast reduction surgery? Who are eligible candidates for this surgery? Although cosmetic breast reduction surgery may seem like one of the cosmetic surgeries performed to correct the appearance of the woman, it is actually a reconstructive surgery rather than aesthetic. A sagging breast attached to the size can cause back and neck pain in women, can lead to camblukla. There may be numbness due to the bras pressing on the arm nerves. You may have trouble breathing. If you have a problem with your nipples, you may be able to have a breast lift. Daily physical activity may be limited. In addition, large breasts create difficulties in choosing clothes, the woman does not like itself causes social and psychological problems. A breast reduction surgery will give the breasts a natural look, the problems listed above will be eliminated, the life of the person is easier. Breasts can be large for different reasons. As a result of genetic factors, hormonal changes or some diseases, large breasts that do not adapt to body size may occur. Weight changes, breastfeeding and the effect of gravity can further exacerbate the existing problem. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the second leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer.

Before surgery
If you are considering breast reduction surgery or would like to exchange information about it, you should contact a plastic surgeon. Your expectations in the first examination, in short?why do you think such an operation? and ?what do you expect from this surgery? you must tell your surgeon clearly. Your surgeon will listen to you first, learn your personal history of the disease and family history of the disease, and then examine you. As a result of this examination, the size, shape, skin condition, age, marriage and whether you have children, new position of the nipple, etc.will be discussed with you. Don’t hesitate to ask your surgeon again and again what you don’t understand. Your surgeon will give you specific instructions on how to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating and drinking, smoking, and taking or avoiding certain vitamins and medications. It may make it easier for you to decide to see pictures of patients who have had surgery before.

Preparation for surgery
In addition to the blood and lung film that needs to be done before the surgery, mammography and, if necessary, breast ultrasonography should be done. High blood pressure, cigarette smoking, drug habits, diabetes, such as the case should be discussed. Breast reduction surgery When blood transfusion is required, your own blood (autotransfusion) taken 5-7 days before surgery may be used. You will need someone to help you for the day of surgery and for the next few days. Breast reduction surgery is a surgical procedure to be performed in the hospital, you may need to stay in hospital for 1-3 days.

Surgery
Breast reduction surgery Excess breast tissue and skin are removed. The nipple is moved to where it should be. Surgery is performed in an operating room under general anesthesia in hospital conditions. The operation takes 2.5 to 4 hours. Whichever method is applied, scars remain around the nipple. In addition, according to the method applied, there remains another T-shaped scar downward from the middle of the lower edge of the breast. The lower part of the T-shaped permission is adjusted to the underside of the breast. However, recently, the surgical technique has removed the scar in the breast crease area. Just around the nipple and downward from the lower edge of the central part of the breast, 4.5-5 cm. until there is a trace. However, these scars are apparent at first, and may become vague over time. The degree of scars after surgery depends on the size of the breast,the surgical method used,and finally on the patient’s skin’s ability to leave scars. A group of patients expressed that they were sunbathing topless. In some special cases,it may not be possible to apply the above-listed surgical procedures on extremely large breasts. In this case ,the techniques are used to move the nipple freely,and the scars of this surgery are reversed as in the above surgeries.

Postoperative
After surgery, it usually goes away comfortably. Pain is minimal. There may be limited arm movements. Bandages similar to bras are applied on the breasts, or some surgeons immediately dress the bras after the surgery. Usually, both breasts are placed in tubes called drains, and are removed within 24-72 hours. A separate dressing is placed on the nipple. Dressing 2 days after opening the wound is controlled. 7 days later the bandages will open. Stitches are removed after 7-10 days. The hospital stays 1-3 days. The patient is dressed in sports bra for 6 weeks and massage is recommended. Swelling may occur early, numbness in the nipple and changes in the color of the skin. These disappear spontaneously in a short time.

Return to normal life
The patient can return to work after 1 Week. It is recommended to stay away from heavy sports for 3 months. Breast reduction surgery is generally a good and permanent result, improving the mental health of the person and his partner, making them more connected to life, especially women’s clothing style makes it easier. The new breast is durable for a long time, but weight changes, pregnancy, breastfeeding and gravity can cause a volume increase in the breasts and sagging.

The risks of breast reduction surgery:

As with any surgery, there are risks associated with breast reduction surgery. It is important for you to know that most of the people who have this surgery do not have problems due to surgery. It is important to know the risks and benefits of surgery in your personal choice. When your doctor tells you about these risks, you should discuss them one by one.

Bleeding: it is a rare condition that can occur during or after surgery. After surgery, the drenings placed on the breasts are used to keep track of the bleeding and to prevent the blood from accumulating in the breast tissue. Do not take aspirin or similar drugs 10 days before surgery, these drugs may increase the tendency to bleed.

Infection: it is extremely unusual. Most surgeons use protective antibiotics right at the beginning of the operation. Changes in nipple and skin sensitivity: temporary reduction in the sensitivity of these regions may occur.

Scars: every surgical procedure is healed by leaving scars, often the nature of scars can not be determined beforehand. In some cases scarring may occur in the skin and deep tissues of some patients, while scars are not noticeable, even in some patients, surgery may be necessary to correct or apply to other treatments.

Dissatisfaction with the results: you may not be happy with the size and shape of your breast. There is only a small chance.

Pain: your neck, back, and shoulder pain may persist after breast reduction surgery. In rare cases, deep tissue of the skin and breast can cause pain.

Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. This is unpredictable. Delay in wound healing: it can be seen in rare cases. It may take more time for some areas to heal completely on the breast skin or at the nipple. You may need to dress frequently. People who have a habit of smoking are more likely to have wound healing problems.

Asymmetry: most women naturally have breast asymmetry. There may be differences in the shape, size and symmetry of the breast and nipple.

Breast reduction surgery is a surgical procedure to remove excess skin, fat, and skin from the breast. Whether or not the person should have regular breast checkups.

Some women with breast reduction may breastfeed their children, but this can usually be difficult to determine beforehand. If you want to have a baby and breastfeed, you should discuss this with your surgeon before surgery.

Allergic reactions: although rare, it is known that local allergies develop against flastere, suture material, or pomades. Additional surgery: there are many factors that affect the results of breast reduction surgery in the long term. Additional surgery may be required if the condition such as looseness of the breasts, sagging, or sagging occurs.

Breast reduction surgery
What is breast reduction surgery? Who is eligible for this surgery? Breasts may become saggy for different reasons. The ligaments that hold the breast tissue in place may loosen over time. Depending on the weight changes, breastfeeding and the effect of gravity, there may be incompatibility between the breast tissue and the surrounding skin envelope. The problem may be in the breast tissue, skin, or both. As a result, almost empty-looking sagging breasts may occur.

Before surgery
As with other breast surgeries, discuss with your doctor why you want to have surgery and what you expect from this surgery. If you have a family history of breast cancer or cancer, smoking, drug abuse, or a systemic disease, tell your doctor. Ask your doctor about the shape and possible problems of the operation.

Surgery
In the aesthetic breast lift surgery, the sagging breast tissue is reshaped and excess skin is removed. Nipple is brought to where it should be. Surgery is performed in the operating room under general anesthesia in the hospital conditions. 1.5 to 2 hours. According to the degree of Sagittarius remains traces in different ways. Whichever method is applied, scars around the nipple are inevitable. A breast lift is a surgical procedure to remove excess skin from the breast. In addition to the scar around the nipple during other breast lift operations, 4-5 cm stretching down from the middle part of the lower edge of the nipple. it could be a long trail. In the appropriate patients, only the breast prosthesis can be removed by putting sagging. In this case, the scar will only be concealed and minimal in the area where the nipple and areola merge with the brownish skin of the breast. There is no scar-free breast lift surgery. However, these scars are initially obvious, and over time they become uncertain.

Postoperative
After surgery, it usually goes away comfortably. Pain usually does not cause problems. If breast prosthesis is used during the operation, there may be limited movement of the arm for several days. Bandages similar to bras are applied on the breasts. A separate dressing is placed on the nipple. Dressing 2 days after opening the wound is controlled. 7 days later the bandage opens. Stitches are removed after 7-10 days. The patient is dressed in sports bra for 6 weeks and massage is recommended. There may be swelling in the early stages,numbness in the nipple and purple discoloration on the skin. These disappear spontaneously in a short time.

Return to normal life
The patient can return to work within 3-4 days. It is recommended to stay away from heavy sports for 3 months. A breast lift is a surgical procedure that removes excess skin, fat, and skin from the breast. The New shaped breast will be durable for a long time, but weight changes, pregnancy, breastfeeding and gravity can cause new sagging.

Possible complications associated with surgery

Each operation can result in some undesirable situations. These possibilities are useful to talk to your doctor.

Ask Your Doctor

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